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Jun 28,2023

Troubleshooting Common Steering Gear Problems

With time, a steering gear can deteriorate, resulting in lost efficiency in performance. The most frequent steering gear issues and their solutions will be covered in this article.

Identifying Steering Gear Issues

The steering wheel feels loose

f you notice that your steering wheel feels loose or sloppy, this could be a sign of a steering gear problem. In this case, the steering wheel requires more effort to turn than usual, i.e., it requires more rotations to steer the wheels.

Strange Noises

Another sign of steering gear issues is strange noises from the steering system. You may hear a whining or grinding sound when turning the steering wheel.


Driving at highway speeds and feeling a shake or shimmy in the steering wheel could indicate a problem with the steering gear.

The Steering Wheel Doesn't Return to the Centre

If the steering wheel does not center itself when turned, there may be a problem with the steering gear.

Fluid Leaks

If you notice fluid leaking from the steering gear, this could be a sign of a damaged or worn seal.

How to Diagnose Steering Gear Issues

Inspect the steering gear

Check for any signs of damage or wear on the steering gear itself.

Check the Power Steering Pump

The power steering pump provides hydraulic pressure to the steering gear. If the pump is not functioning correctly, it could be causing steering gear issues.

Check the Steering Rack

The steering rack is responsible for translating a steering wheel turn into a left or right turn of the front wheels.

Check the Steering Column

The steering column serves as the link between the steering wheel and the steering gear.

Check the steering fluid.

Low steering fluid levels or dirty fluid can cause steering gear problems. Check the steering fluid level and condition.

Tips on How to Avoid Future Issues:

It's crucial to adhere to the manufacturer's recommended maintenance schedule and have your steering system routinely inspected by a skilled mechanic to avoid steering gear difficulties. Frequent inspections can identify possible issues before they worsen and avert more expensive future repairs. Moreover, avoid driving over uneven terrain or slamming into potholes at high speeds because these activities can harm the steering system.


Issues with your steering gear can significantly affect how safely and effectively your car steers. You can quickly diagnose and fix the issue by recognizing typical indications of steering gear problems, such as loose steering, odd noises, vibrations, trouble turning, and fluid leaks. To find the source of the issue, it's critical to follow the procedures for diagnosing steering gear issues, which include checking the steering gear, power steering pump, steering rack, steering column, and steering fluid.

Follow the manufacturer's recommended maintenance plan and have your steering system routinely serviced by a trained mechanic to avoid future steering gear issues. Avoid traveling through uneven terrain or slamming into potholes at high speeds since these activities can harm the steering system.


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